• BSc in the Social Sciences in Economics (University of Southampton)
• MSc in Economics (University College London)
• PhD (University of Surrey)
Most of my career was as a civil servant: I was an economic adviser in the Government Economic Service and later an administrator. During that time I worked for the Department of Health and Social Security, the National Audit Office, HM Customs and Excise, and the Department of Transport. I covered issues including consumer behaviour, taxation and benefits, public expenditure policy, investment appraisal, and corporate and business planning.
I then joined the University of Surrey, first in the Digital World Research Centre (DWRC), where I was involved in a wide range of projects investigating the relationship between people, society and digital technologies.
Then I moved to the Centre for Research in Social Simulation (CRESS) where I completed my PhD, sponsored by Microsoft. My PhD thesis was Communications, Travel and Social Networks since 1840: A Study Using Agent-based Models.
I have now retired from academic work – but keep very busy!